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Black Sea

In the 1940s, Turkish Historian, Hasan Umur, proposed that Ancomah, a mythical place near Trabzon, Turkey, was linked with the Atlantis Myth.

in the 1990s, Ryan and Pitman theorized that the Black Sea suffered a catastrophic flooding that probably inspired the story of Noah's flood.

In 2000, Robert Ballard undertook a marine expedition and found the remains of human habitation around 300 feet underwater in the Black Sea off the north coast of Turkey. The area flooded around 5000 BC.

Before 5500 BC, a great plain lay in the northwest at a former freshwater-lake. In 5510 BC, rising sea level topped the barrier at today's Bosporus.

There is currently no consensus on the nature of the flooding to the Black Sea. Western scientists tend towards a catastrophic model. Eastern scientists tend towards a fluctuated model. The idea of gradual change has been proposed but is the least popular among scientists.

In 2004, Siegfried and Christian Schoppe theorized that Atlantis was probably located in the Black Sea and identifed the Pillars of Hercules with the Strait of Bosporus.

They claim Orichalcum means the obsidian stone that used to be a cash-equivalent at that time and was replaced by the spondylus shell around 5500 BC, which would suit the red, white, black motif. The geocatastrophic event led to the neolithic diaspora in Europe, also beginning 5500 BC.

In 2006, Werner E. Friedrich proposed that events from Plato's Atlantis, the Deluge from the Bible and the events from the Epic of Gilgamesh all recounted the same catastrophic Eastern Mediterranean event. He too proposed that Atlantis was once in the Black Sea.

Proponents

Factors in choosing the Black Sea

Pro:

  • Once had a much larger area of land.
  • Did sink.
  • Archaeology reveals there were settlements which are now submerged.

Con:

  • Does not sit beyond the traditional Pillars of Hercules.
  • How did the merchant ships that Plato describes arriving from all over the world dock at the harbor of Atlantis when it was 350 feet below global sea-level and not connected to the wider ocean?

Links

References

Arslanov, Kh. A., et al. "Climate, Black Sea levels and human settlements in Caucasus Littoral 50,000–9000 BP," Quaternary International, Volumes 167-168, June 2007, pp. 121-127.

Friedrich, Werner E. Prehistoric Deluge in the Black Sea and Atlantis, Buchhandel, Frankfurt, 2006.

Gray, R., Atkinson, D. "Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin," Nature, Vol. 426, No. 6965, November 27, 2003, p. 435.

Haarmann, Harald. Geschichte der Sintflut – auf den Spuren der frühen Zivilisationen, Beck, Munich, 2003.

Hiscott, Richard N., et al. "A gradual drowning of the southwestern Black Sea shelf: Evidence for a progressive rather than abrupt Holocene reconnection with the eastern Mediterranean Sea through the Marmara Sea Gateway," Quaternary International, Volumes 167-168, June 2007, pp. 19-34.

James, Peter. The Sunken Kingdom. The Atlantis Mystery Solved. London: Pimlico, 1996.

Konikov, E., et al. "Paleogeographic reconstructions of sea-level change and coastline migration on the northwestern Black Sea shelf over the past 18 kyr," Quaternary International, Volumes 167-168, June 2007, pp. 49-60.

Martin, R. E., et al. "Holocene sea level and climate change in the Black Sea: Multiple marine incursions related to freshwater discharge events," Quaternary International, Volumes 167-168, June 2007, pp. 61-72.

Mudie, P. J., "Palynological evidence for climatic change, anthropogenic activity and outflow of Black Sea water during the late Pleistocene and Holocene: Centennial- to decadal-scale records from the Black and Marmara Seas," Quaternary International, Volumes 167-168, June 2007, pp. 73-90.

Pitman, Walter, Ryan, William Noah’s Flood. The New Scientific Discoveries about the Event that Changed History, Simon & Schuster, New York, 2000.

Schoppe, Christian, and Siegfried Schoppe. Atlantis und die Sintflut. Die erste Hochkultur versank 5.510 vor Christus im Schwarzen Meer. Books, on demand, 2004.

Schoppe, Christian, and Siegfried Schoppe. Atlantis - The Sunken Indo-European Capital in the Black Sea, online paper, undated.

Séfériadès, M. "Complexity of the processes of Neolithization: Tradition and modernity of the Aegean world at the dawn of the Holocene period (11–9 kyr)," Quaternary International, Volumes 167-168, June 2007, pp. 177-185.

Wilson, Ian. Before the Flood. Dramatic New Evidence that the biblical Flood was a Real-Life Event, Orion, 2002.

Yanko-Hombach, Valentina, et al. The Black Sea Flood Question, Springer, 2006.

Yanko-Hombach, Valentina, et al. "Controversy over the great flood hypotheses in the Black Sea in light of geological, paleontological, and archaeological evidence," Quaternary International, Volumes 167-168, June 2007, pp. 91-113.

black_sea.txt · Last modified: 2016/04/17 18:14 (external edit)